How safe is WhatsApp? Security threats you need to know

The first thing you should know is that WhatsApp is owned by Facebook. It is estimated that over 1 billion people use WhatsApp and over 65 billion messages are sent per day.


So, it is very reasonable to discuss certain security concerns, malware threats and spam that is appearing on WhatsApp.

1. Web Malware for WhatsApp

As mentioned above, many people use WhatsApp around the globe, making it a target for cybercriminals, many of which are around the WhatsApp Web. WhatsApp allows you to open a website or download a desktop app, scan a code with your phone on the app, and use WhatsApp on your computer.

Your phone’s app store— the iOS app store and Android’s Google Play store — is controlled more closely than the Internet as a whole. When searching on those shops for WhatsApp, it’s usually evident which app is the official one. This doesn’t hold true on the internet in general.

This has all been taken advantage of by criminals, hackers and scammers. As WhatsApp desktop applications, there have been cases of attackers passing off malicious software. If you’re unfortunate enough to download one of these, malware may be distributed or your computer may be compromised.

Even more so, spyware was installed on computers in some cases.

Others attempted a distinct strategy, creating websites for phishing to trick you into passing on private data. Some of these websites are masquerading as WhatsApp Web, requesting that you enter your phone number to connect to the service. They effectively use that number, however, to spam you or correlate with other internet leaked or hacked information.

To be on the safe side, using only applications and services from formal sources is the best way to remain safe. WhatsApp provides you with a web client, known as WhatsApp Web, to use on any desktop.

2. Unencrypted backups

Texts you send via WhatsApp are End-to-end encrypted. This implies that they can only be decoded by your device and the recipient’s. During transmission, the function protects your messages from being intercepted even by Facebook itself. However, once they’re decrypted on your device, they are not secure them.

WhatsApp enables you to back up your texts and media on Android and iOS. This is an important function as it enables accidentally deleted WhatsApp messages to be recovered. In addition to a cloud-based backup, there’s a local backup on your computer. On Android, Google Drive can back up your WhatsApp information. If you use an iPhone, iCloud will be your backup program. These backups contain your device’s decrypted texts.

There is no encryption of the backup file stored on iCloud or Google Drive. Since this file includes decrypted versions of all your texts, it is vulnerable in theory and undermines the end-to-end encryption of WhatsApp.

Since you have no option in the backup place, cloud suppliers promise to keep your information safe. While there have been no large-scale hacks affecting iCloud or Google Drive to date, this does not imply it is not feasible. There are other ways for attackers to access your cloud storage accounts as well.

One of the alleged advantages of encryption is being able to avoid access to your information by government and law enforcement. Since the unencrypted backup is stored on one of two cloud storage providers based in the U.S., all it would take is a warrant, and they would have free access to your messages. If you choose to back up your WhatsApp information to the cloud, the end-to-end encryption of the service will be undermined.

3. Facebook data sharing

Data Sharing
In latest years, Facebook has been the topic of a lot of criticism. One such criticism is of the efficient market monopoly and anti-competitive behavior of Facebook. By assessing any takeover efforts, regulators try to minimize anti-competitive behavior.

So, when Facebook chose to add WhatsApp to the’ Facebook Family,’ the European Union (EU) only endorsed the agreement after Facebook assured them that they would keep both businesses and their information separate.

Facebook rolled back on this agreement quite fast. WhatsApp updated its Privacy Policy in 2016 to enable information from WhatsApp to be shared with Facebook. Although the full extent of this data transfer was not revealed, it included your phone number and usage data, as was the case when you last used the service.

They also said that none of your data would be visible to the public on Facebook, suggesting that it would be concealed in your inaccessible profile of Facebook instead. WhatsApp permitted users to opt out of this data sharing agreement after the reaction to this announcement. However, they silently abolished this option in the years to come.

This is probably a preparation for Facebook’s future plans. Facebook is beginning to build one unified infrastructure for all of its messaging platforms, according to a January 2019 study in the New York Times. Facebook, Instagram, and WhatsApp would be included. So, while each service would proceed as an independent app, all text would be sent to the same network.

4. Fake news

Fake news
Social media firms have been criticized in latest years for enabling the spread of false news and misinformation on their platforms. In specific, Facebook was criticized for its role in spreading fake news throughout the United States of America in 2016. Campaign for the presidency. WhatsApp was subjected to the same forces as well.

In India and Brazil there were two of the most remarkable instances. WhatsApp was involved in India’s rampant abuse in 2017 and 2018. Messages containing details of manufactured child abductions have been transmitted and distributed across the platform, tailored to local data. These messages were commonly distributed across the networks of people and resulted in those accused of these false crimes being lynched.

WhatsApp was the primary source of fake news during the 2018 elections in Brazil. Because this kind of misinformation was so simple to spread, Brazilian company individuals set up firms that produced illegal campaigns against candidates via WhatsApp. They were able to do this because your phone number on WhatsApp is your username, so they bought to target phone lists.

Both problems continued through 2018, a year for Facebook that was awful. Digital misinformation is a hard issue to cope with, but many regarded as apathetic the reaction of WhatsApp to these incidents.

The business has, however, made a few adjustments. WhatsApp has set boundaries on forwarding so that you can forward to only five groups instead of the prior 250 limit. Also, in a number of areas, the firm removed the forwarding shortcut button.

5. WhatsApp Status

WhatsApp Status
The status option of WhatsApp, a short line of text, has been the only way you could broadcast what you were doing at the moment for many years. This became WhatsApp Status, a clone of the famous function of Instagram Stories.

Instagram is a public platform, although if you choose, you can make your profile private. On the other hand, WhatsApp is a more intimate service that is used to communicate with friends and family. So, you might suppose that sharing a WhatsApp status is also private.

That’s not the situation, though. Anyone in your contacts with WhatsApp can see your status. Luckily, you can easily monitor with whom you share your status.

Navigate to Settings > Account > Privacy > Status and you will be shown three privacy options for your status updates:

My contacts

My contacts except…

Share only with…

Notwithstanding this simplicity, WhatsApp will not make it clear whether your blocked contacts can view your status. However, the company has done the sensible thing, and regardless of your privacy settings, your blocked contacts cannot view your status. Any videos and pictures added to your status will vanish after 24 hours, as with Instagram Stories.

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